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tions to a source of inspiration just like a person. When users type a word, Xiaoice could draw vastly diverging pictures in response to that word.
上海千花坊”We don’t know what surprises Xiaoice will bring us, and the unpredictability is the charm that attracts us,” Xu said.
This is not the first time that Xiaoice has created something. Started
as a chatting robot in 2014, Xiaoice has already been “talking” with more than 100 million上海千花坊女神会所
users, published two collections of poetry and released and composed dozens of songs.
上海千花坊All these endeavors have helped accumulate more than 5 million followers on a Ch
inese micro blog, as Microsoft continues to experiment with how AI can use emotional intelligence to se
rve as a companion for people and how AI can be used to imbue machines with “creativity”.上海千花坊
Elsewhere in the world, researchers and industry participants are
also experimenting with AI. In 2017, US singer Taryn Southern unveiled Breaking F
上海千花坊ree, a song composed and produced by an AI system developed by US startup Amper Music.
Last year, an AI-generated painting of Edmond Belamy became the firs
t of its kind to be auctioned at Christie’s. The artwork, created by computer algorithms de上海千花坊女神会所
上海千花坊veloped by French AI company Obvious, was sold for more than $430,000.
Just like Xiaoice’s paintings, such AI-generated work is based on
machine-learning models of artificial neural networks that resemble the human brain and ne上海千花坊
rvous system, which can study input materials and produce output in their own right.
上海千花坊女神会所When it comes to AI painting, a neural network that goes by the acronym GAN plays a ke
y role. GAN, which stands for generative adversarial network, creates the image pixel
by pixel. Like any other artist or designer, it produces both broad strokes and fine details in layers.上海千花坊女神会所
But as pioneering AI-generated works appear around the world, the tech companies and art critics are also addressing the fundamental question of
上海千花坊whether the images, poems or songs produced by their networks can be called art at all.
Qiu Zhijie, an artist and professor at China’s Central Academy of Fine Arts, said the answ
er depends on how originality in art is defined when machines are involved in creation.上海千花坊女神会所
“When nobody can tell the difference between paintings genera
ted by AI and those of humans, then we can regard AI’s work as original,” Qiu said.上海千花坊
Apparently, Xiaoice has already passed the test. In May, works produced by the drawing bot under the name Xiao Yubing were
上海千花坊女神会所submitted to the exhibition of postgraduates’ work at China’s Central Academy of Fine Arts. When Xiao Yubing
‘s paintings were presented beside those of humans, nobody realized they were generated by AI.