China has to walk a fine balance between local govern

nment debt management and stable economic growth, especially at a time when trade te

nsions with the United States have imposed more downward pressure, said economists.

More financial resources and investors will be involved in the debt resolution process, said Qiao Baoyun, head of the Acad

emy of Public Finance and Public Policy at the Central University of Finance and Economics.

The last round of local government debt swaps started in 2015 and ended in August 2018, w

hich saw 14.34 trillion yuan ($2.08 trillion) of local government debt being swapped into bonds.

Local governments are set to face more debt burden in the next three ye

ars, as many of the previously issued bonds are set to expire, income from land sales has

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He said that it’s of great importance to promote such philos

philosophies to enhance the exchanges and mutual learning of diverse civilizations.

Frederick W. Russell-Rivoallan, a program specialist and head of social and human sciences for UNESCO, hailed the dialogue of Asian civilizations.

“It’s a great way to concentrate in this part of world, but it’s also

a global inspiration – bringing countries together, understanding other cultures, respecting each

other and sharing with each other,” he said. “That’s the way that we can understand each other better and live together better.”

China will extend 1,000-Megabyte broadband connection to more than 300 cities and cut the

average service rates by 15 percent for small and midsized enterprises this year. The measures are desi

gned to achieve multiplying effects of expanding domestic demand, boosting employment and improving people’s lives.

The decision was made at the State Council’s executive meeting chaired by Premier Li Keqiang on May 14.

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the WTO is for the benefit of the public, not a tool for par

embers. If its members cannot reform the architecture and resolve the key issues, they may all end up in various regional groups.

“Many bilateral tensions or challenges countries are facing today requir

e a multilateral response, and WTO reform is definitely needed, especially in the area

s of trade and investment,” said Xue Rongjiu, deputy director of the Beijing-based China Society for WTO Studies.

Chen Fengying, a senior economics researcher at the China Institutes of Contemporary Internationa

l Relations, said the US government seems to have made driving WTO reform its priority so that the country can claim the high gr

ound in global trade and lead the process for making new rules and establishing a new global trading system.

This move poses a challenge to the WTO and its basic principles including that of most favored nation status and national treatment, she said.

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Hospital head removed after 5 infants dieuthern Medical Uni

Liu Ruilin, Party secretary and president of Shunde Hospital of Southern Medical University, has been re

moved from his positions after five babies died and 14 fell ill during an enterovirus outbreak at the hospital.

The five newborns who died had other underlying diseases, such as pneumonia, before contracti

ng the virus, according to a statement from the Guangdong Health Commission on Saturday.

Thirteen of the sick babies have been discharged from the hospital, wh

ile the other one continues to be treated and is in a stable condition, the commission said.

An investigation determined that the case became serious becaus

e of the combination of the intestinal virus with lax hospital management.

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The operation of the infant ward was suspended, and the

e hospital was ordered to solve management problems rela

ting to the case, check on the condition of the surviving babies and console the parents.

A deputy director of the health bureau of the Shunde district of F

oshan, Guangdong, was also fired, and others deemed responsible were punished.

No new case has been reported in the hospitals that have treated the affected babies.

The provincial health commission has ordered all t

he medical institutions in the province to check their infection-control procedures.

The viral strain that affected the infants was identified by the commission as Echo 11. It is an intestinal virus to which child

ren, especially infants, are susceptible. It is closely related to a respiratory infection.

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Uber was the biggest of a group of Silicon Valley startu

ups that have spent years raising money in private rounds at record prices. Many of these com

panies are now looking to follow with their own IPO. Some, like Uber and Lyft, are unprofitable.

Workplace messaging company Slack Technologies Inc plans to hold an investor presentation on Monday in adv

ance of its direct listing next month. Grocery and food delivery platform Postmates, WeWork owner The We Co

mpany and online mattress retailer Casper Sleep are among startups seeking to launch IPOs this year.

“If a venture capital investor wants to burn cash they can do that as long as they want, bu

t once you get to the public markets you have to show profitability or a path to it,” said Jordan Stuart, a po

rtfolio manager at Federated Kaufmann who often purchases companies’ shares during an IPO.

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True, the first quarter of 2019 yielded better-than-expe

ted results. But the higher rate of FAI growth was to a large extent driven by a strong increase in investment in real estate, which is l

ikely to weaken sooner or later owing to the government’s commitment to cooling China’s “real-esta

te fever”. And, given the trade frictions with the US, China’s export performance for the rest of 2019 is highly uncertain.

To compensate for declining investment in real estate and weakening exports, China must maintain reasonable growth in inf

rastructure investment. To that end, the government should pursue higher spending (taking advantage of a strong fis

cal position), supported by accommodative monetary policy (amid very low inflation).

Fiscal and monetary expansion may be out of fashion among China’s mainstream economists, who insist that struct

ural adjustment must be the priority. But it could go a long way toward bolstering China’s economic per

formance in 2019, without impeding structural reform. The challenge is to strike the right balance.

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Only toward the end of the last century, global econom

 integration-trade, investment and finance-began benefiting large emerging and developing econ

omies. To be sustainable, globalization cannot serve just a few wealthy advanced economies. It m

ust also serve poorer and faster-growing economies, which today account for most of the global growth.

So, by flirting with trade protectionism and punitive tariffs on imports, adva

nced economies are seeking to implement the wrong policies at the wrong time. As the adv

anced countries have fallen into secular stagnation, they desperately need growth. Therefore, the rise of poorer eco

nomies is not a win-lose game, because it benefits the advanced economies, too.

In the aftermath of the 2008 global financial crisis, all major advanced econom

ies would have faced another Great Depression without the support of large emerging economies, particularly Ch

ina. And the contribution of these countries to global GDP growth is expected to climb to 80 percent by 2050.

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Embrace exhibition through greener lifestyle at the

The Beijing International Horticultural Exhibition opened just two days before the May holiday, giving

the public a close-up view of state-of-the-art gardens created by horticulturists from around the world.

China hosted a similar exhibition in Kunming, Yunnan province, in 1

999. In the two decades since, the social and economic situations in China have unde

rgone tremendous changes. A growing awareness of environmental protection is one of them.

Two decades ago, the Chinese people embraced the Kunming horticu

ltural show as a novelty and curiosity because the countr

y at that time did not have many opportunities to host large international gatherings.

Economic development at the time was the top priority of the country,

which explains why the news media were so interested in reporting that 15 billion yu

an ($2.23 billion) in economic and trade deals were inked during the exhibition.

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Chris Rowley, a visiting professor from Oxford Unive

rsity’s Kellogg College in England, called opening to more foreign investment a very important development.

“Of course this will expose both inward investors and indigenous organiza

tions to some stark differences in management and doing business between them, which in tu

rn requires more globally effective leaders who are less ethnocentric and more culturally aware,” he said.

Sikhumbuzo Zondi, a research assistant at the Institute for Global

Dialogue associated with the University of South Africa, said another important aspect of Xi’s

opening address was the desire to invest more resources in scientific innovation and technology.

The aim is to develop technologies and business models that will foster new growth an

d development. To do this, China is committed to spearheading the Belt and Road Science, Technology and In

novation Cooperation Action Plan to advance information and communications technology infras

tructure development with the aim of improving internet connectivity and security, Zondi said.

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